What Is Gum & Bone Disease?

A gum and bone dentist is a valuable asset to any dental office. Periodontal gum disease ranges from gum inflammation to intense soft tissue and bone damage that can adversely impact a patient’s teeth. Unfortunately many adults who suffer from gum disease don’t realize it until it has advanced. Severe gum disease affects the patient’s overall dental health and teeth may be lost in the process. The level of gum disease all depends on how well the patient cares for their teeth with proper healthy oral hygiene.

What Are Risk Factors for Gum & Bone Disease?

The cause of gum disease is due to bacteria growing in the person’s mouth. The bacteria can include saliva, mucus and additional particles along with a form of plaque that sticks to the teeth. Several of the risk factors of gum disease include:

  • Genetics – A higher susceptibility for severe gum disease compared to others.
  • Smoking – People who smoke increase their chances of developing gum disease, and smoking can lower a person’s chances of having their gum disease successfully treated.
  • Medical Illnesses & Chronic Disease – Immune system-related diseases such AIDS and cancer can affect a patient’s gums. The medical treatments used to improve their overall health often causes damage to their gums, bones and teeth as well as increases the advancement of existing gum disease.
  • Hormone Changes – Hormonal changes in girls/women can make the gums very sensitive and cause gingivitis to occur.
  • Diabetes – People who have diabetes experience much higher levels of gum disease and may have difficulty in fighting gum-related infections.
  • Medications – There are thousands of prescription medications and over-the-counter medications that reduce the production of saliva. These can have a profound effect on the person’s mouth. In turn, the side effect of dry mouth can allow gum disease to run rampant.

Symptoms of gum disease include red swollen gums, loose teeth, sensitive teeth, chronic bad breath, tender or bleeding gums, receding gums or the teeth appear longer than they should, as well as pain while chewing. The best way to prevent plaque is through flossing and brushing daily. Our dental hygienist can provide a professional cleaning designed to successfully remove new tartar and prevent future buildup of plaque.

Three Levels of Periodontal Cleaning

Grove City Dental offers three levels of periodontal cleaning options for dental patients with gum or bone disease to include: regular, mid-level debridement, and upper level scaling and root planing (deep level). When there is a lack of preventative periodontal care, disease can spread to the bony structures and may require invasive surgery to repair the damage.

Gum disease should immediately be treated by a gum and bone dentist. To learn more about our periodontal cleanings, call us at (614) 808-1700 or use this website’s contact form to Book an Appointment in Columbus, Hilliard, Grove City or Centerville.